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時間:2019-06-30 09:05 瀏覽:次 稿件來源:教育部 編輯:宣傳部

教育部發布《全國普通高校本科教育教學質量報告(2018年度)》

weiquanmianzongjie2018nianquanguogaoxiaobenkejiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangzhuangkuang,jiaoyubujiaoyududaojuweituojiaoyubugaodengjiaoyujiaoxuepingguzhongxinyanzhiwancheng《quanguoputonggaoxiaobenkejiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangbaogao(2018niandu)》(yixiajiancheng《baogao》)。《baogao》jiyugaodengjiaoyuzhiliangjianceguojiashujupingtaihequanguo1000yusuoputonggaoxiaobenkejiaoxuezhiliangniandubaogao,jinkou“yibenweiben”“sigehuigui”dengxinshidaibenkejiaoyugaigefazhandezhengceyaoqiu,yibenkejiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangweizhuxian,caiyonghailiangshujuwajue、duoweianlifenxi、daguimowenjuandiaochadengfangfa,chengxiangaoxiaotigaobenkejiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangdexinjucuo、xinjingyan、xinchengxiao,weibenkejiaoyujiaoxuegaigetigongjuececankao,yindaogaoxiaoluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu、gonggubenkerencaipeiyangzhongxindiwei。

《baogao》zhichu,dangdeshijiudayilai,woguogaodengjiaoyujinruneihanshifazhanxinjieduan,benkejiaoyuquanmianzhenxing。2018nian,jiaoyubutongguoquanmianbuju“sixin”jianshe、tuichu“liuzhuoyueyibajian”jihua2.0、bushuyiliuzhuanyejianshe“shuangwanjihua”、banbubenkezhuanyeleijiaoxuezhiliangguojiabiaozhundengyixiliezhongyaojucuo,zaibenkejiaoyuguanjianlingyu“moutupo、shangshuiping”,daxiangxinyilunquanmianzhenxingbenkejiaoyugongjianzhan,gaoxiaorencaipeiyangnenglidedaoquanmiantisheng。

《baogao》renwei,gaoxiaozhashiluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu,“sanquanyuren”gongzuoyouxukaizhan。shishigaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuozhiliangtishenggongcheng,tuidonggaoxiaojiaqiangsizhengkechengjianshe、shenhuasizhenggongzuogaige,jianliwanshanlideshurenyurenjizhi,goujian“sanquanyuren”dageju。2018nian,quanguopeiyu“sanquanyuren”zonghegaigeshidiandanwei125jia,yi“sanquanyuren”weidaoxiangjianshegaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuojingpinxiangmu200xiang、zhongqingnianguganduiwujianshexiangmu20ge。

《baogao》biaoming,gaoxiaoshideshifengjianshehejiaoshiduiwujianshequdechengxiao。anzhao《guanyuquanmianshenhuaxinshidaijiaoshiduiwujianshegaigedeyijian》yaoqiu,gaoxiaozaijiaoshipinyong、niandukaohe、zhichengpingpindenggongzuozhong,jianchishidediyibiaozhun,yindaoguangdajiaoshizhengzuo“siyou”haolaoshi。2018nian,gaoxiaoboshixueweijiaoshizhanbi38.21%,jiao2017nianzengchang1.5gebaifendian;xingyebeijingjiaoshizhanbi17.68%,jiao2017nianzengchang5.8gebaifendian;fudaoyuanduiwuguimocong2017niande58750renzengjiadao2018niande65571ren。

《baogao》xianshi,gaoxiaogaigechuangxinrencaipeiyangmoshigongzuochixutuijin。2018nian,gaoxiaodapodiyiketangdaodierketangdebilei,jiangshehuiketang、xuniketangyinruchuantongdeketangjiaoxue,lilunyushijianxianghuronghe。gaoxiaoleijikaishezhuanyeshiyankedadao144.17wanmen,leijijiansheguojiajishiyanshixunshifanzhongxin1210ge、xiaowaishijianshixijidi22.6wange,shijianyurentixibuduanwanshan。gaoxiaojijikaizhanchuangxinchuangyejiaoyu,chixushenhuakejiaoronghe,tuidongchuangxinchuangyejiaoyurongrurencaipeiyangquanguocheng,jiezhi2018niandi,452suogaoxiaozengjiachuangxinchuangyexuefen,canyuchuangxinchuangyexunlianjihuaxueshengda30.49wanrenci。

《baogao》qiangdiao,gaoxiaobanxuetiaojianhejiaoxueziyuandedaomingxiangaishan,“daxuezhiliangwenhuajianshe”chengxianxinfengmao。gejicaizhengjiadagaodengjiaoyutouru,gaoxiaoshengjunjiaoyujingfei(quanrizhixuesheng)dadao3.27wanyuan。xianshangkechengziyuanjianshededaoqianghua,jiaoyuburendingguojiajingpinzaixiankaifangkecheng1291men,shangxianmukeshuliangdadao8100men。gaodengjiaoyuzhiliangbaozhangtixizhubujianquan,zhengfuwanshanzhiliangbiaozhun,qianghuawaibujiaoyujiaoxuepinggu;gaoxiaoneixiujiaoxuedudao、zhuanxiangpinggu、changtaijiance,zhiliangwenhuadedaopeiyuheyangcheng,tigaoxueshengpeiyangzhiliangchengweizhuxuanlv。

《baogao》fanying,xueshengxuexitiyanmanyidubuduantisheng,dabufenxueshengduizishenchengchangyushouhuomanyi。2016—2018nian,xueshengduikechengjiaoxuehexuexifengqidemanyidudefenfenbiewei64.48、66.25、67.62he60.75、61.64、63.83,chengxianchixushangshengqushi。2018nian,74%dexueshengrenweizijizaiquelimingxirenshengguan、jiazhiguanfangmianyoujidahuojiaodatigao,75.9%dexueshengrenweidaxueqijianzijidehezuonengliyoujiaodahuojidatigao,74.1%dexueshengduizijizaidaxueqijiandechengchangyushouhuomanyi。

yucitongshi,《baogao》huanzhichu,bufengaoxiaobenkejiaoyujiaoxuegongzuoshangcunzaiyixiawenti。yishirencaipeiyangzhongxindiweiweiwanquanluoshi。bufengaoxiaoduirencaipeiyangzhongxindiweideluoshibaozhangdubugou,zhidubaozhangjiaoxue、quanyuanfuwujiaoxuedengluoshibudaowei,gaoxiaojiaoshouweibenkeshengshoukebilijinwei77.11%。ershijiaoxuemoshichuangxinxingbuzu。bufengaoxiaomuke、fanzhuanketang、xianshangxianxiahunheshijiaoxuedengxinxingjiaoxuemoshiyingyongbuzu,gaoxiaozhuanyekexiaobanhuaketang(30renjiyixia)pingjunkaishelvjinwei29.11%。sanshixuexiguochengguanlizongtibuyange。bufengaoxiaokechengxuexinandu、tiaozhandubugao,kaohefangshidanyi、zhongjieguoqingguocheng,2016—2018nian,gaoxiaoxueyetiaozhanduzongtishangrengchuyuzhongdengpianxiashuiping。sishishideshifengjiansheweixingchengchangxiaojizhi。bufengaoxiaoduishideshifengjianshegongzuodetongchoulingdaolidubugou,gebiejiaoshibunengrenzhenlvzhijinze,xueshubuduanxingweirengyoufasheng,shidekaohezaijiaoshikaohepingjiazhongbeiruohua。

ciwai,《baogao》huanjinyibuzhichu,woguobenkejiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangbaozhangtixiyoudaijixujianquanwanshan。pingguzhidushejixuzhulijiejuezhongdiannandianwenti,lideshurenpingguzhibiaoshangbugoujuti,gaoxiaofenleipingguyoudaijinyibuwanshan。gaoxiaozaizhichengpingpin、zhiwukaohe、jilijiangli、ziyuanfenpeidengfangmianyiranqiangdiao“maozi、keti、chengguo、jingfei、jiangxiang”dengzhibiao,rencaipeiyangchengxiaodepingjiabiaozhunshangweidedaochongfentixian。

muqian,《baogao》yiyougaodengjiaoyuchubanshegongkaichubanfaxing。